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Getting a Land Survey Before Purchasing Land

When someone is interested in a plot of land, they are interested in finding out as much as they can about the land in question as possible. They need to know precisely what the boundaries are, any legal issues, and any advantages to the land. Not only does this mean its resources, but also public paths and other easements as well as any applicable property issues. The most comprehensive survey is the American Land Title Association/American Congress Surveying and Mapping survey (also known as an ALTA survey).

The Information Provided By An ALTA Survey

At the very basic level, and ALTA survey provides information on the legal boundaries of the property, as well as any easements, encroachments, rights of way, and any known improvements as regards the property in question. This survey can provide a lot of information for the potential buyer, and may provide additional information such as adjoining land owners or if the property is in a flood zone, etc.

When To Obtain A Survey

Before you can obtain a survey you need to obtain a title commitment. The title commitment is a document from a title insurance company that promises to insure the property once purchased and contains a list of all applicable documents; these documents form the basis of the survey as it is prepared. It is important to obtain this commitment in order to obtain the survey, which title companies and lenders require as part of the application process in order to ensure that the person they are dealing with is the only one with any rights to property. If it is not required you do not need to obtain a survey, but it is obviously a good idea. The price of a land survey doesn't cost much, and will certainly save you money if their is a dispute of land that later develops.

Potential Issues

A land survey can help a potential buyer find out about any major questions as regards to the property. Easements and rights of way are a obvious issue, as they show if anyone else has any rights to the property and if the person will have sole rights. An easement,, for example, may be required in order to allow someone to access their property or a necessary public path; its existence may slow down any potential plans for the property. Encroachments are another issue, as a neighbor may be using the property for his own purposes; these will be need to be dealt as they show up. A land survey can reveal these issues and allow you to deal with them as needed. 

What To Do With A Survey

While reviewing a survey may not be easy, the help of an experienced real estate attorney can help decode what the various numbers mean. Once the various easements and encroachments have been detected, it is then possible to determine what to do about them. Obviously the sooner you can have a survey done the sooner you can deal with any problems, so debate obtaining one as quickly as possible so you can eliminate those problem.

Land Surveying is Important to Our Lives

Land surveying dates back centuries and was used when humans were building their first establishments. Therefore, unsurprisingly the passing of time has only made this profession more and more important, but what´s land surveying?

In rough term, land surveying is the art and science which maps and measures the land. Land surveyors make detailed inspections of the physical property that belongs to a seller who intends to pass it to a new owner. In fact, surveyors play a key role in all land developing areas, from the planning and designing of land subdivisions to roads constructions, utilities, and landscaping; which is why surveyors are usually the first ones on site in order to measure and map the land.

The measurements made by them are used by architects to get an idea of the landscape they are working with. They also help architects, designers, and engineers to make sure that the structures are accurate and safe, ensuring the buildings are not only fit with the landscape but also able to be constructed.

But these are not the only benefits of having a land surveyed, because as mentioned before it can be done as a means to help buyers understand exactly what they are buying, since a survey defines the exact boundaries of the land being purchased and determines the limits of where you can work with it, as well as pinpoints any potential problems it may have.

Land surveying is particularly important nowadays, to the point of being almost critical considering a professional land surveyor can pretty much eliminate land boundary issues before they arise in construction. Surveyors use property's legal descriptions as well as benchmarks on the ground to figure the exact dimensions and size of a property being transferred.

Knowing the exact specifications of a property can help determine whether additional buildings can be built, and how many, as well as where a fence should be put to separate a property from the ones on the rest of the neighborhood and can help a buyer make sure they are really buying what the seller has described.

So to conclude, be it a house buyer or a company project, hiring professional land surveyors is a good idea to confirm property lines before starting any construction or additions work since these will surely help save time, money, and avoid any neighborly disputes, as well as legal troubles.