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Adkan - Land Surveying History

adkan land surveying history

Land surveys date back as far the early Egyptians, making it one of the world's most ancient professions. Since then, it has become a fundamental part of every major civilization, as nations needed to understand the shape of the land as well as demarcations in order to know what property was theirs.

The History of Land Surveying Techniques

Over the years, the principles of land surveying have remained the same, using the basic fundamentals of geometry, trigonometry and calculus, however, land surveying equipment has evolved into more advanced technology, which produces more reliable and accurate results. In earlier years, land surveys applied the right principles, however, due to a lack of more precise equipment, they were also less reliable.

Land Survey Types

There are a variety of land surveys, each designed to address its own application. Land surveys are categorized in three basic ways:

  •     Informational surveys-which are used to create charts and maps.
  •     Engineering surveys-which ensure the structure is constructed in the correct location.
  •     Standard land surveys-which calculate land areas and fix property lines etc.

Other sub categories that may factor into the land survey include: property surveys, route surveys, hydrographic surveys and industrial surveys.

Land surveys can also be plane surveys or geodetic surveys. Plane surveys deem the earth as a flat plane and are generally used to examine small areas, whereas, geodetic surveys cover much larger areas and require the curvature of earth to be taken into consideration. They also rely on further land survey techniques such as astronomical direction fixing, trilateration and triangulation for more precise readings.

Land Survey Techniques

There are five survey techniques commonly used today which include: leveling, radiation, trilateration, triangulation and traverse.

  •     Leveling-uses a leveling instrument to measure the difference in elevation in a specific area.
  •     Radiation-is used in combination with a plane table to measure a fixed position above ground.
  •     Trilateration-utilizes electronic measuring equipment to calculate the sides and lengths of triangles used in the triangulation, so that angles can be computed, and is commonly used to measure rough terrain.
  •     Triangulation-uses a series of conjoined triangles that overlap each other to measure angles from determined locations.
  •     Traverse-is commonly used for building roads. This technique utilizes a series of lines whose lengths and distances have been computed and are joined together by points in specific locations.

At Adkan, we are expert Land Surveyors. Contact us for your next project.

Land Surveying is More than Science

Survey Science

Land surveying is a very practical science that tells everyone how their properties are put together. It is something that people need when they are developing land, and it is something that is needed when even the smallest change is going to be made to a property. There is a lot that has to be done to show that the land is going to be the right size for the plot. or the surveyor is going to show the exact size of the plot using their instruments for the first time.

These people are scientists who are using their instruments to show that land they are on has specific measurements. Everything is based on small points that need to be verified by the community, and the surveyor can set up so much after that that it is hard to believe they got all that information from just one point. They use special instruments that explain the distance they are looking at, and they are using their calculations to figure out how far something goes on any side. They detail the area, and then they mark each area.

They know how to calculate the size and area or anything, and they can calculate the borders of any property as they are working. Their work is very important because it has to be done if there is going to be any levying or taxation in a community. It needs to be done if there is zoning in the area, and it needs to be done if people are going to confirm what the size of the lot is going to be. That is needed when there are property line disputes, and it can be used when people are wondering how they are going to block out a piece of land they purchased. The surveyor is going to spend hours on this every day making sure that their people are going to get measurements all around the area, and they are going to keep at it until there is a report on the whole area.

There are many reasons to do surveying, and the work is done by professionals who are able to plot any land they like. They can do the work outside on any land, and they can show how big all the areas are for the homeowners or developers. They are scientists, but they do very practical work for everyone.

Why is Land Surveying so Vital?

Land surveying measures exactly where property lines are anywhere in the world. Property disputes in America are really common because the lots do not always have straight lines as borders, and people try to abuse those lines when they think no one is looking. Surveying has to be done before something can be zoned, and the work has to be done when a new development starts.

The surveying that is most common is in new developments. Developers are trying to figure out exactly how big their lot is, and they have to get the surveyor to show them where the lines are as compared to their neighbors. There are a lot of building codes that actually have to do with distance from these lines, and that is why the surveyor's report is very important.

The surveyor can also come in to help settle land disputes by showing exactly where property lines begin and end. The lines often begin and end in odd places, and the things that people thought they knew about the property lines are not true. The surveyor can show exactly where the lines are supposed to be, and the disputes are settled with a surveyor's report which is indisputable fact.

Surveyors are often seen on the road because they have to check to see how much space will be taken up by new projects or wider roads. They measure how much space will be used, and the lots that are altered will be changed according to that report. Someone who was paying property taxes on a lot that was one acre will pay less when it is deemed that a widened road takes up a fraction of that acre of land.

Surveyors work in the field every day from certain specified points which are not in dispute. They can work from those spots to figure out where every property line in the area is, and they can give a clear look at where the property stops. This is very important when new work is done. The people who are building do not want to encroach on other land owners, and the surveyors shows exactly how far the developer can go while building their project.

Land surveying has become vital to the municipal and commercial real estate industry. Surveying gives people a look at how big their lot is, and it can draw defined lines that help people stay on their property. The surveyors can solve problems as small as where a fence is supposed to go to problems that involve multi million dollar construction projects. Surveyors are often silent because they are not seen for very long, but their work lives on long after they are finished.

Land Surveying, the Importance of Surveys

Land Surveying Benefits

Having land properly and legally surveyed is an important part of owning property or selling it in the future. Without legal boundaries being marked, it is impossible to know where to place fencing and structures on your property in a manner that is legal within your county and state. Surveys will be the ultimate say so in land disputes with neighbor, which does happen quite often in rural areas where properties have not been properly surveyed.

For someone purchasing property, a survey is extremely important to know that an encroachment hasn't already occurred. A neighbor could have already placed a fence on the property that you are about to purchase. This needs to be solved immediately before purchase should be finalized. It can be very difficult to resolve these things the longer they go on.

If you are purchasing property that is large, with the intention of subdividing it into smaller lots that you can resell, surveys are legally necessary. A local surveyor will know the local laws regarding minimum lot size and rules for creating subdivisions for your county. This will save you from very costly mistakes later on and lead to potential legal problems down the road as well.

Surveyors can also pave the way with board meeting appearances and coming to your aid at special zoning meetings. Since they know more about the local laws, this can be a huge benefit. Once a legal survey is done, it is entered into record with the county and state in which the property exists. The corners of the property are clearly marked. Typically stakes are placed at each corner and gps coordinates are entered in county record.

The cost of a survey will also vary and you may ask for a quote. If you are willing to do some of the footwork by obtaining county maps and records, it is possible that you can reduce the potential costs incurred. Otherwise, the surveyor will have to pull these records in order to be able to do a survey from records of a marked corner of another property close to yours that has already been surveyed.

While a survey is an additional cost of purchasing any property that has not already had a legal survey done, it is vital. It is worth your time and money to make sure this is done before you purchase. The money spent could save much money and headache in the future.

Clear Boundaries Provide Protection And Peace Of Mind - Land Surveying from a Professional

There are many reasons you may need to get a Professional Land Survey. It is a crucial first step before you buy, sell or subdivide the land and to ensure that your improvements or new construction are positioned correctly. It’s possible you may need a survey if your lending institution requires a mortgage loan inspection or when purchasing Title Insurance. You may be required by local authorities, to get a survey before they issue any building or other permits and for drainage planning. If there is a dispute over the property line location or an encroachment, a Professional Land Surveyor can review your deed and other evidence, appear in Court as an expert witness and give their professional opinion concerning the boundaries of your land dispute.

When you work with a Professional Land Surveyor, you should sign and be given a copy, of an agreement with the details of your land survey, to avoid any future confusion or disagreements that may arise. Your agreement should state specifically what is included in your survey, the fee or hourly rate, any payment arrangements and an approximate time frame for completion. When you get the estimate for your land survey, the amount could be based on previous experience with similar surveys or by the hour with recording and other related fees being additional. There are many possible issues that can arise, specific to your survey, that may change the final cost of your estimate. These circumstances could be due to many things including, but not limited to seasonal related weather, problems accessing records, difficult terrain, denied access to the property, Land Court Standards or additional requirements by local approving authorities.

Upon completion, you should receive documentation based on the type of survey that was performed and certified by the surveyor. Your survey may be prepared according to Registry of Deeds Standards if it is to be recorded. Your survey should include a drawing that may include boundaries, easements and encroachments, property corners, improvements, monuments, dimensional relationships and if needed, existing conditions mapping to provide an architect or engineer.

Whether you need a Professional Land Survey due to necessity, regulatory requirements, want a cosmetic improvement, recreational addition, or just want one out of curiosity, the end result is the same. You will avoid expensive complications, establish clear boundaries, protect your investment in your family’s future and ensure your own peace of mind.